Species Factsheets

Dichanthelium xanthophysum

Slender Panic-grass

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State Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
PBS Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
Federal Status:

Global Rank: G5 rank interpretation
State Rank: S1

Dichanthelium xanthophysum

Description

Slender Panic-grass is a perennial grass that may grow to 0.6 m in height. The leaves are alternately arranged, consisting of a basal sheathing portion, which envelopes the stem and varies from hairy to hairless, and a broadly lance-shaped, flattened, and untoothed blade that is 10-15 cm in length and up to about 2.5 cm in width, heart-shaped at the base, and long-pointed at the tip. The flowers, appearing first in June and July, and sometimes again in the fall, occur within small spikelets that average about 3/16 inch (3.5 mm) in length, have scattered hairs on the outside surface, and are located at the middle and upper part of the stem. In addition to the size of spikelets, the shape of the flowering cluster, or inflorescence, is the main distinguishing feature of this species. While most species of panic-grass have inflorescences with obvious horizontal or ascending branches, in Slender Panic-grass the branches tend to be few and with erect or strongly ascending stalks, giving the overall inflorescence a long and very narrow aspect.

Rank Justification

Critically imperiled in the nation or state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state.

Habitat

It grows in well-drained, sandy habitats that receive considerable sun, such as open rocky woods, bedrock outcrops, heath barrens, balds, and mountain summits.

Survey Dates

Flowers, fruits June - September

Distribution

Slender Panic-grass ranges from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan and south into New Jersey, West Virginia, Michigan, and Iowa. In Pennsylvania, it represents a northerly species and has been documented historically mostly in the northeastern counties.

Slender

Management

The populations of Slender Panic-grass in Pennsylvania are situated in remote areas where the habitat is likely to be kept in a natural state. Active management, such as the use of prescribed fire, may be beneficial in maintaining these areas or in creating additional habitat.

Conservation Status Map

Slender

Map Legend

NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org.

  • NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer
  • Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2018.
  • Rhoads, A.F. and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. and T.A. Block.
  • 2007. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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