Species Factsheets

Uvularia pudica

Mountain Bellwort

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State Status: TU
PBS Status: Pennsylvania Rare (PR)
Federal Status:

Global Rank: G5 rank interpretation
State Rank: S3

Uvularia pudica

Description

Mountain bellwort (Uvularia pudica) is a small perennial herb that grows clonally, raising multiple individual stems (or ramets) from horizontally growing rhizomes. Ramets grow from 10-30cm tall and branch once, just above their midpoints.

Rank Justification

Vulnerable in the nation or state due to a restricted range, relatively few populations (often 80 or fewer), recent and widespread declines, or other factors making it vulnerable to extirpation.

Habitat

Mountain bellwort grows in mountain woods.

Survey Dates

Flowers May

Distribution

Mountain

Threats

Though it is ranked as secure in Maryland, West Virginia, and North Carolina, mountain bellwort is much rarer at the north end of its range. It is classified as endangered in New Jersey and New York, and as rare in Pennsylvania, where five closely clustered populations are recorded.

Management

Existing mountain bellwort populations will benefit most from the protection of their habitat; protected areas should be large enough to allow population growth. Control of deer browsing will likely be important, as will management of exotic plants.

Conservation Status Map

Mountain

Map Legend

NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org.

  • NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer
  • Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2018.
  • Rhoads, A.F. and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. and T.A. Block.
  • 2007. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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