Species Factsheets

Carex crinita var. brevicrinis

Short-hair Sedge

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State Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
PBS Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
Federal Status:

Global Rank: G5T5 rank interpretation
State Rank: S1

Did You Know?

Common traits of Carex crinita include long and cylindric spikes, perigynia densely packed, green to brownish color and weakly veined.

Carex crinita

Description

Short-hair sedge (Carex crinita var. brevicrinis) is a tufted, grass-like plant that grows up to 1.5m tall. Its rough stems are three-sided, particularly near the base.

Rank Justification

Critically imperiled in the nation or state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state.

PABS

The PA Biological Survey considers the short-hair sedge to be a species of special concern, based on the very few occurrences that have been confirmed and the specialized and infrequent habitat. It has been assigned a rarity status of Endangered.

Habitat

Short-hair sedge is a wetland plant and grows in moist to wet woodlands.

Survey Dates

Flowers, fruits June - August

Distribution

Short-hair

Threats

Throughout the range of this species, habitat loss, land conversion for development, and displacement by invasive species have all played a part in its decline. Its wetland habitats are also sensitive to habitat fragmentation and changes in hydrology that could alter water levels or chemistry.

Management

Maintenance of known populations and preservation of the communities where short hair sedge grows will be crucial to its survival. Creating buffers around fragmented habitat, removal of invasive species, and protection of wetland hydrology will help to maintain populations and encourage new population growth. The management of the known sites requires long term monitoring of populations. Potential sites for restoration should be evaluated.

Conservation Status Map

Short-hair

Map Legend

NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org.

https://www.minnesotawildflowers.info/grass-sedge-rush/fringed-sedge

  • NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer
  • Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2018.
  • Rhoads, A.F. and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. and T.A. Block.
  • 2007. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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