State Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
PBS Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE)
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1
Did You Know?
Many insects are attracted to this plant including butterflies, long and short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, skippers, moths, and beetles.
Aster-like boltonia (Boltonia asteroides) is a perennial herb with a hairless, often branched stem that can grow to about 1m tall. The leaves are alternately arranged, untoothed, hairless, broadly linear to lance-shaped, up to 15cm long, and tend to get smaller in size going up the stem. The flowers, appearing from July to October, consist of daisy-like flowering heads about 12mm wide with surrounding white or pinkish ray florets.
Critically imperiled in the nation or state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state.
The PA Biological Survey (PABS) considers the aster-like boltonia to be a species of special concern, based on the very few occurrences that have been recently confirmed and its very specialized habitat. It has a PA legal rarity status and a PABS suggested rarity status of Endangered.
This species grows in open wet places, in Pennsylvania
particularly on open rocky shores and exposed river bed
outcrops, especially where annual scouring takes place.
Flowers July - October
In Pennsylvania, it has been documented historically along the lower Susquehanna River and also in Erie County.
Only a few populations along the lower Susquehanna River are currently known. Invasive species represent a threat to this species and its habitat.
The viability of populations of aster-like boltonia and its habitat depends on maintaining the natural hydrology and natural condition of the shoreline and islands of the lower Susquehanna River. The species appears well-adapted to the seasonal fluctuations in water levels, especially the lower water levels of summer and fall when the plant is flowering and fruiting.
Conservation Status Map
NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org.
- NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer
- Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2018.
- Rhoads, A.F. and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. and T.A. Block.
- 2007. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.