Species Factsheets

Ruellia strepens

Limestone Petunia

View as PDF

State Status: Pennsylvania Threatened (PT)
PBS Status: Pennsylvania Threatened (PT)
Federal Status:

Global Rank: G4G5 rank interpretation
State Rank: S2

Did You Know?

Many species within this family produce two kinds of flowers - those that have open flowers, which can be pollinated by insects, and those that don't open, which must self-pollinate.

Ruellia strepens

Description

Limestone petunia (Ruellia strepens) is a perennial herb with hairy-lined stems that can reach 1m in height. The leaves are oppositely arranged, oval to lance-shaped, variable on the margin and in hairiness, and up to 15cm long and 6cm wide. The flowers, appearing from late June through late July, occur singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils. The blue to purple petals are 3-5cm long, with a tube-like base and five spreading lobes above. The fruit is a hairless capsule with many seeds.

Rank Justification

Imperiled in the nation or state because of rarity due to very restricted range, very few populations (often 20 or fewer), steep declines, or other factors making it very vulnerable to extirpation from the nation or state.

PABS

The PA Biological Survey (PABS) considers limestone petunia to be a species of special concern, based on the relatively few occurrences that have been recently confirmed. It has a PA legal rarity status and a PABS suggested rarity status of Threatened. About thirty-five populations are currently known from the state.

Habitat

It grows on wooded hillsides, floodplains, and streambanks, especially on calcareous substrates.

Survey Dates

Flowers late June - late July

Distribution

Limestone

Threats

Invasive species and quarrying represent threats at some locations.

Management

The viability of populations of limestone petunia and its habitat can be enhanced by maintaining forested conditions on floodplains and streambanks.

Conservation Status Map

Limestone

Map Legend

NatureServe. 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://explorer.natureserve.org.

https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/wild-petunia-smooth-ruellia

  • NatureServe. 2018. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 7.1. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer
  • Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2018.
  • Rhoads, A.F. and W.M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Rhoads, A.F. and T.A. Block.
  • 2007. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. 2nd edition. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
PNHP is a partnership between The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources,
the Pennsylvania Game Commission, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission,
and the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy.
DCNR Home Page
PA Game Commission Home Page
PA Fish and Boat Commission Home Page
Western PA Conservancy Home Page
DCNR Home Page PNHP | Forestry Home | Contact Us | Search This Site
© 2019 PA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
DCNR Home Page